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Flag Day raising 4-17-1900. Attributed to John Davis. .jpg

The First April 1900
Flag Day Program.

The original April 17, 1900 Tutuila Deed of Cession..

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Historical program and scenes from American Samoa's first Flag Day 124 years ago.

ASG Archives and Records Center

     American Samoa's Office of Archives and Records Management (OARM) is part of the Executive Branch under the Dept. of Administrative Services.  While primarily a records management service for government offices, we also help the general public with government archives and records copy needs. For example, One U.S. National Parent Law passport residency researches are often conducted on Censuses, Passenger Lists and Tax lists. OARM therefore provides certified evidence for the public from various  government archives and records.

     We also  guide local and national researchers to various holdings, such as High Court Matai and Land Title cases and/or public government files and media from the Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches. Research about  American Samoa's indigenous language and culture is also available. Practical advice on how to recover and conserve archives and records after disasters is also offered at times.

     Records Management guidance to  government offices about creating, controlling, storing and preserving archives and destroying temporary records and non-records is also done in accordance with local and national laws. Visit us at Tafuna, Tutuila, American Samoa or call for an appointment at  684-699-6848. 


    Territorial Archivist of American Samoa       Himphill James B., ACA Certified Archivist

 ASG Archives and Records documents 5 of Samoa's 31 centuries...

The 17th Century
swains island.jpg

     On March 2nd, 1606, Spanish Explorer Fernando Quiros chanced upon an atoll while exploring the Southwest Pacific. Indigenous Tokelauans welcomed their discovery and in the following centuries gradually became accustomed to Western Religion and Culture. American Samoa's written history therefore dates from it's rediscovery by European explorers during the 17th Century. The Tokelau atoll mentioned here was eventually destined to become Swains Island in 1925, a part of today's American Samoa. Dutch Explorers also discovered the nearby Tonga and Futuna islands during those initial contact times. OARM keeps copies of several 17th century Spanish and Dutch Explorers journals and prints, along with later publications about the earliest visits.

The 18th Century
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  Derived from the nearby Fiji and Tonga islander archipelagos, the Samoans are rich in historical myths, legends, traditional customs, material culture and language. Family chief titles have resided continuously in their villages for over three millennia. American Samoa is the eastern region of the Samoan Island archipelago. In the Eighteenth Century, the Dutch Admiral Roggeveen became the first to anchor at easternmost Samoa in 1722. French Admirals Bougainville and L'Perouse followed to map and explore island waters in 1768 and 1787. Famed British Captain Vancouver also stopped at Samoa during a search for the Tahitian Mutiny on the Bounty mutineers in 1791. The 1807 French oil painting by Ozanne shown above illustrates an infamous attack on the first 1787 French Explorers ashore at Tutuila, Am. Samoa. OARM's retains copies of this and other various Eighteenth century manuscripts and publications written by the early European Explorers, along with prints and references detailing 18th Century Samoan Culture.

The 19th Century
LMS Missionary John Williams at Leone Tutuila. c1830..jpg

     Samoa was once so faraway and isolated from Western "Civilization" that Whaleboat Deserters and Australian Convicts soon began hiding there during the early 1800s. The skills and tools of these foreigners were novel and soon adopted by Samoans. The Samoans also encountered the Russian Von Kotzbue Expedition of 1824 and the French d'Urville Explorers in 1826. Rudimentary knowledge of European languages and Christianity therefore grew and in 1836, the first group of missionaries arrived. These British London Missionary Society missionaries from Tahiti soon established churches and mission schools on each island. Literacy and social and technological innovations quickly advanced, as depicted above in a c1837 image of an annual Church feast. American Explorer Captain Charles Wilkes followed to survey the islands in 1839 and, created the first U.S. Commercial trade agent. Britain and German trade agents soon followed, along with mercantile firms from their home countries. The popularity of religion, education, and foreign goods eventually led to the first western style Samoan Government in 1875. Resultant local and international politics caused strife however and due to resultant civil warfares and a revolution, the Samoan Islands were divided and annexed by the German, British and American powers on Dec. 2nd, 1899 in order to establish peace, law and order. OARM's 19th Century microfilm archives are mostly comprised of International Consulate and Church records c1839-1899, along with the first Samoan Government records from 1875-1899. OARM also holds reference copies of numerous articles, newspapers and publications written about Samoa by many transient visitors and authors, such as Robert Louis Stevenson and Lauli'i Willis.

The 20th Century

     On April 17th, 1900 at Sogelau, Tutuila (above) the Eastern Samoan Island Chiefs of Tutuila and Manu'a accepted the 1899 American Annexation after the Western Samoans had accepted their German Annexation. Old Glory was raised on a hill overlooking the new Pago Pago Harbor U.S. Naval Station Wharf constructions (above). German Samoa subsequently developed the western islands until the first World War of 1914, when it changed into New Zealand's British Samoa. After WWII in 1945, British Samoa affiliated with the United Nations to become self governing and the Independent Nation of Western Samoa then regained it's own Flag 17 yrs. later in 1962. In contrast, the American Samoans of the Eastern Islands have preferred an American economy and lifestyle since 1900. Their history is one of being a U.S. Naval Station until WWII. This was followed by a Presidential transfer to the civilian Department of Interior in 1951. The development of a Legislature and Judicial System then occured during the late 1940s and 1950s, when their Constitution was written and adopted in 1960. The creation of an electorate and quasi Self Government then came about by referendum in 1978, when a Governor and Congressional Representative were elected to be by popular vote. OARM's early Twentieth Century records are primarily on microfilm along with a small quantity of extant files, photos, publications, film and audiotape holdings. These earlier American Samoa Archives prior to 1970 are generally public and held at several U.S. National Archives facilities. More recent archives and records require authorization from originating offices prior to access unless they are already public.

LMS Fagatogo 1889.jpg
The 21st Century

     Access to the majority of OARM's Twentieth and Twenty-First Century inactive records remain with originating ASG agencies. Researchers requesting information or copies from 1996-2021 must obtain authorization from the originating agency. In this regard, OARM generally follows the federal 25 year guideline and restrictions for any release of information. However, public archives more than 90 yrs. old and ASG microfilms and publications are essentially open if not otherwise restricted.



Prior to 1978, the U.S. Navy and Dept. of Interior had not established a local archives dept. or records building in American Samoa. In 1969, the majority of local government archives were sent to the U.S. National Archives in San Francisco by DOI Governor Owen Aspinal. With the start of a local Am. Samoa Government electorate in 1978, remaining government archives were recognized and stored at several intermediate locations. These included the Fagatogo and Utulei administrative buildings, a Samoana High School WWII era quonset hut, an old Naval Station warehouse in Fagatogo, and a prior Tafuna Air Force Housing cafeteria. The need for local Archives and Records Management laws and regulations was then acknowledged and created by the Am. Samoa Legislature in 1984 and placed under the Executive Branch. An initial Records Management Office was subsequently transferred to the Dept. of Administrative Services by Executive Order in 1985 after a permanent staff and location were established. The first ASG Archives Office occupied a renovated 1908 Naval Station Jail with the Territorial Registrar Office. In 1991 the Territorial Registrar was transferred to the Office of the Attorney General and became a separate facility. A new Records Center named after Governor Peter Tali Coleman was then built and dedicated at Tafuna in 1991. The National Historical Registry Naval Station Jail Archives was afterwards consolidated and moved into the new Tafuna Records Center in 1998. The current Office of Archives and Records Management (OARM) is therefore staffed by a Territorial Archivist, Division Head, Senior Adm. Asst and two Adm. Assistants to serve your information needs. OARM functions under ASCA Title 4 Ch 12 and ASAC Title 2 Ch 3 regulations.

One U.S. Nat. Parent Law Info

     PL 99-396 Sec 15      English              Samoan   


ASG Public Archives

Archival Policies and Procedures

Archives              Researchers

Brochure             Guide


Executive Branch, 

Legislative Branch,


and Judicial Branch:


Our Constitution

Governor Mauga spoke about American Samoa's Constitution Day at the Feleti Barstow Library on October 17, 2021.


T27 U.S. Consuls Samoa microfilms

T1182 Am. Samoa Govt. microfilms

Matai and Land Title microfilms

ASG Record Groups list

                 T27          T1182       Matai Land     T805

T805-1 Microfilm link:









              Genealogy Finding Guide 2021!   




1900-1945 Am. Samoa Censuses:

1940 & 1950 Am. Samoa Censuses:

               Governor of American Samoa

         Archives Month Proclamation 2021!

     The 1967 Revised Constitution.  


1977 ASG Public Law 15-23

    for Elected Governors.  


   2024 National History Day
Teacher/Student Resources!

       NHD Theme         NHD Resources

Social Media

1977-78 DOI Secretary Orders       for Elected Governors.  


ASG Records Mangement

Records Policies and Procedures

ASCA Regulations and


ASAC Regulations:


Policies and          Record Schedule

Procedures           form.



  Record Transfer  Destruction

  Instructions          Permission form.

Our Colleagues and Friends

Museum of American Samoa

Feleti Barstow Library

Am. Samoa Historical Preservation Office

Territorial Registrar

DHS Office of Vital Statistics

Am. Samoa Community College

Amerika Samoa Arts Council

Amerika Samoa Humanities Council

U.S. National Archives

Council of State and Territorial Archivists

                T27-01           T27-02

These are the first 2 of 27 online microfilms with U.S. Commercial Consul Despatches from Apia, Samoa for 1843-1866. They include Tutuila and Manu'a Island papers. The entire online set is from 1843-1906. To view, press the links below or the .pdfs above.

See the others at 


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2023 American Archives Month
         & Ask an Archivist Day!

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2023 Electronic Records Day!

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               Harmful Content Notice 


Some of the content found in our archival material or those of our third party links may be considered offensive. The U.S. National Archives policy regarding any such content is therefore generally followed and is available at this link:   


         Photos and stories of American Samoa's
           First Constitutions 1960 & 1967.



Dept. of Administrative Services

Office of Archives and Records Management

A.P. Lutali Executive Office Bldg.

American Samoa Government

Pago Pago, AS  96799

Telephone : ​684-633-4157/58

Fax : 684-633-1841

Director of Adm. Services:

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We look forward to hearing from you soon, just write, call or email. And enjoy our social blog page!

Website English-Samoan text and  translations provided by Territorial Archivist James  Himphill.

Original Tattoo designs by Solomona Iatala.

© 2023 by ECO THUNDER. Proudly created with

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